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17th of Tammuz, The Three Weeks & 9th of Av


17th of Tammuz, The Three Weeks & 9th of Av

 

*** MINHA FOLLWED BY ARVIT TUESDAY JULY 11- 8PM***

FAST OF 17TH OF TAMMUZ STARTS TUESDAY JULY 11TH AT 3:48 AM

AND ENDS AT APPX. 9:18 PM

 The Talmud tells us that five tragic events took place on both the 17th of Tammuz & the 9th of Av.  This is why these days have become fast days, and the days in between have become a sad period for the Jewish People:

 

17th of Tammuz:

1.    The first tablets were broken by Moshe Rabenu, when after descending from the Mountain, he saw that the Jewish People had made a golden calf.

2.     On this day, the daily sacrifices in the Temple, known as the Tamid offerings, were abolished.

3.     The walls of the city of Jerusalem were broken and the enemy was able to enter and penetrate the city.

4.     Apostomos the wicked, burned the Torah.

5.     King Menasheh placed an idol in the Holy Temple.

 

9th of Av:

1.     On this day, it was decreed that our ancestors in the desert would not enter Eretz Yisrael.  On this day, the spies returned from their mission and the Jew wept for no purpose.  Therefore, G-d established this as a day of weeping for future generations.

2.     The First Bet Hamikdash was destroyed

3.     The Second Bet Hamikdash was destroyed 490 years later.

4.     The city of Beitar was destroyed and thousands of Jews were murdered.

5.   Turnus Rufus the wicked plowed the site of the Temple and thus fulfilled the prophecy, "Zion will be ploughed like a field." (Micha 3:12)

 

These are some of the laws pertaining to  the three weeks (based on Sephardic tradition):

1.    Refrain from listening to music except for a Simchat Mitzvah (such as Brit, wedding etc.)  for the three weeks. Weddings are not made from Rosh Hodesh Av until after the 9th of Av.

2.    Avoid making the bracha of Shehecheyanu on a new fruit or clothing during this 3 week period except for on Shabbat. However, according to the Arizal, one should refrain from making Shehecheyanu even on the Shabbatot of the three weeks.  One should also refrain from making this bracha on the 10th of Av.

3.    Avoid wearing new clothes during the three weeks.

4.   No eating meat or drinking wine from Sunday night July 23 until Wednesday August 2 The exception for that is Shabbat or a Seudat Mitzvah.  One can also make Havdalah on wine. Some are more lenient to eat meat on Rosh Hodesh Av (Monday July 24) The restriction of eating meat and drinking wine applies also to the 10th day of Av.

4.     No Purchasing or building things for a joyous occasion from Rosh Hodesh Av.

5.     No Painting or beautifying one's home from Rosh Hodesh Av.

6.     No Sewing, knitting or buying new clothes from Rosh Hodesh Av.

7.    One should postpone court cases with a non-Jew from Rosh Hosesh Av until after the 9th of Av.

9.     Haircuts are not permitted from Saturday night, JULY 29, until after the 9th of Av. Some include

cutting nails also in this prohibition. Some are more stringent from Rosh Hodesh Av (Monday July 24).

10.  One should avoid cleaning clothes or wearing laundered clothes from Saturday night, JULY 29, until after the 9th of Av. Some are more stringent from Rosh Hodesh Av (Monday July 24).

11.  Hot showers are not permitted from Saturday night, JULY 29, until after the 9th of Av. Cold showers are permitted. Some are more stringent from Rosh Hodesh Av (Monday July 24).

12.  One should refrain from doing any sort of dangerous activity during the nine days (swimming should be avoided, etc.) 

 

 These are things one can not do on Tisha B'av:

· Eating and drinking.  The exception is for people who are sick and a rabbi must be consulted for each particular case.

· Washing one's self even with cold water.  Netilat Yadaim in the morning is done only up until the knuckles of the hand.

·  Wearing leather shoes.

·  Study Torah.  The only exception is to study those things that relate to sad events in Jewish  history.

·  Greeting friends.

·  Sitting on a chair; (We sit on the floor until Mincha time.)

·   Anointing one's self with oils and perfumes.

·   Smoking should be avoided, particularly in public places.

·   Marital relations.

 

 

Fast of 9th of AV

Starts—Mon. Night July 31 @8:12 PM

Ends—Tues. Night August 1 @8:58 PM

 

 


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